Eucalyptus trees signify large shrubs and flowering trees with the help of attractive smooth peeling bark and aromatic leaves. Being native to Australia, the fruits from the plants refer to gumnuts. These are primarily known for growing in tropical and temperate climates around the world.
Not only outside, but the plants can also grow in containers. However, it is recommended to grow them outside as they are fast-growing plants and might soon outgrow the indoor spaces.
Notable facts about the eucalyptus plant:
- With more than 700 species of plants growing as evergreen shrubs, the most common species are rainbow eucalyptus. These are identified by the bark and the citrusy aroma, along with the silver princess gum tree.
- These plants hail from the myrtle family of Myrtaceae.
- Although the trees primarily grow in Australia, they are also found abundantly in many regions of the country in Asia, South and North American, and more.
- Sharing an intense aroma, the leaves are primary used for manufacturing essential oils.
- These are a primary source of food to the most popular bears in Australia, the koala bears.
How to grow the plants?
As mentioned earlier, these are fast-growing plants and hence they successfully thrive in the natural environment. These grow in temperatures below 10 degrees F, and the plants even have a distinctive rainbow eucalyptus.
These plants are attractive houseplants that thrive indoors as well. However, make sure you plant them in an area that gets complete sun and wind.
Eucalyptus tree leaves:
Most of the leaves have evergreen leaves which are shaped like lanceolate and offer a glossy green look. The leaves are mostly round in shape with a dull greyish-green color. With offering an aromatic scent, these leaves have a hint of sweet honey.
Comprising aromatic oils, the shrubs tend to be one of the most potent commercial plants. Being highly ornamental in nature, they are largely preferred for being a foliage arrangement.
Some of these plants even grow in a spiral formation, because of which these tend to alter the shape during the growth. It is thus easy to dry the leaves for future use as a decorative item. All you need to do is to snip the stems, tie them together and leave them upside down to dry.
There are no such identifying features that the bark has; however, these have smooth bark as the old bark tends to get dried and sheds each year. Some of the species have a fascinating bark that is multicolored. There are other varieties as well, which has deep furrows and are flaky like a cork.
The flowers tend to have a fuzzy look, especially due to the stamens growing in a circle. The flowers come in cream, white, bright red and yellow-colored.
How to distinguish a eucalyptus tree?
The primary identifying feature remains to be the overpowering scent of the leaves. However, the plants have an attractive growth, which can help distinguish one tree from the other.
Primary types of eucalyptus plants:
- Mallee eucalyptus
- More eucalyptus
- Mallet types of eucalyptus
How to recognize the tree types?
The shrubs tend to have a growth that can be readily recognizable. Offering multiple stems growing from the ground level, usually, these grow up to 33 ft.
You can also recognize these with its swollen root being visible from above the ground. Protecting the trees from fire, allows it to regrow in a short period. The distinctive growth is primarily due to the regrowth caused after the bush fires.
Steps to identify the tree varieties?
The marlock eucalyptus trees can be easily identified by the lime-colored and oval leaves. With small and single trucks offering dense foliage reaching the ground, the trees are large shrubs or small trees. Hence, these round-leaved is thus a perfect example of the marlock eucalyptus.
How to identify mallet types of Eucalyptus trees?
These can be easily identified by the single thin trunk along with an angled upward growing branch. With a crown that spreads wide, it has leaves growing in thickets. The common examples are sugar gum tree and spotted gum tree.
Common types of eucalyptus trees:
Offering multicolored smooth bark, the rainbow trees grow up to a height of 30 ft tall. The evergreen trees offer a beautified look, with lance-shaped leaves emancipating a distinctive aroma. Usually, these grow in tropical climates and are also known as rainbow gum trees due to their multicolored bark. The smooth bark tends to peel away, revealing the purple, orange, maroon and blue stripes.
Eucalyptus rainbow tree leaves:
These are lance-shaped, growing up to 6 feet long. These render a strong aroma. With flowers pale yellow and white, the small fruit is referred to as a capsule. With being brown colored when mature, it takes the shape of half of a sphere.
Eucalyptus baby blue:
These are small evergreen trees and are fast-growing plants with decorative stems. Offering blue-grey rounded leaves, these grow along thin stems. Moreover, these offer a powdery and white substance covering the leaves, fruits and buds.
Eucalyptus princess gum tree:
These are species with unique weeping growth. These grow in reddish-brown color and produce red flowers. The fast-growing tree can live up to as long as 150 years.
Lemon eucalyptus trees:
These white bark leaves offer a citrusy aroma, and hence the name. Popularly known as lemon-scented gum tree, these have a straight trunk with branches branching out from the canopy. With dense clumps of leaves, the trees also have white-colored flowers growing.
Tasmanian Snow Gum:
Having smooth mottled bark with white, orange, pink and tan-colored strips, the Tasmanian snow gym has twisting branches. Offering oval leaves, these render a spicy peppermint aroma.
Spinning gum trees:
These are small species of trees offering a whitish-green colored bark in stripes. The leaves are silvery-green in color and are primarily beneficial for floral and décor arrangements.